Hier zeige ich euch, wie ihr in ein paar Minuten ein cooles Dashboard bekommt, welches euch diverse Sachen über euren Server anzeigt. Traefik dient uns hier als Reverse Proxy und stellt später den Dienst verschlüsselt per TLS bereit.

Update

27.04.2020Traefik „secHeaders“ hinzugefügt. Dashboard erweitert.
14.04.2020Erstellung dieser Anleitung.

Wer Traefik noch nicht installiert hat, findet hier eine Anleitung, wie ihr dies schnell tun könnt.

Als Grundlage meiner Anleitung dient dient diese Anleitung. Ich habe diese jedoch etwas erweitert und an Traefik angepasst.

So kann später dann euer Dashboard aussehen:

Dazu werden wir gleich folgende Tools installieren

  • Prometheus
  • node-exporter
  • cadvisor
  • grafana

1. Ordner anlegen

Zuerst legen wir uns passende Ordner-Strukturen an.

mkdir -p /opt/containers/grafana/{grafana,prometheus}

Nun ändern wir noch die Berechtigungen.

chown 1000:1000 /opt/containers/grafana/grafana

2. Docker Compose anlegen

Hier legen wir die Docker Compose an.

cd /opt/containers/grafana/
nano docker-compose.yml
---
version: '3'

services:
  mon_prometheus:
    image: prom/prometheus:latest
    container_name: mon_prometheus
    restart: unless-stopped
    volumes:
      - $PWD/prometheus/prometheus.yml:/etc/prometheus/prometheus.yml
    depends_on:
      - mon_node-exporter
      - mon_cadvisor
    networks:
      - default

  mon_node-exporter:
    image: prom/node-exporter:latest
    container_name: mon_node-exporter
    restart: unless-stopped
    volumes:
      - /proc:/host/proc:ro
      - /sys:/host/sys:ro
      - /:/rootfs:ro
    command:
      - '--path.procfs=/host/proc'
      - '--path.sysfs=/host/sys'
      - '--path.rootfs=/rootfs'
      - '--collector.filesystem.ignored-mount-points="^(/rootfs|/host|)/(sys|proc|dev|host|etc)($$|/)"'
      - '--collector.filesystem.ignored-fs-types="^(sys|proc|auto|cgroup|devpts|ns|au|fuse\.lxc|mqueue)(fs|)$$"'
    networks:
      - default

  mon_cadvisor:
    image: google/cadvisor:latest
    container_name: mon_cadvisor
    restart: unless-stopped
    volumes:
      - /:/rootfs:ro
      - /var/run:/var/run:rw
      - /sys:/sys:ro
      - /var/lib/docker/:/var/lib/docker:ro
    networks:
      - default

  mon_grafana:
    image: grafana/grafana:latest
    container_name: mon_grafana
    restart: unless-stopped
    volumes:
      - /opt/containers/grafana/grafana:/var/lib/grafana
    user: "1000" # USER ID des Docker Users anpassen
    depends_on:
      - mon_prometheus
    networks:
      - default

    labels:
      - "traefik.enable=true"
      - "traefik.http.routers.grafana.entrypoints=http"
      - "traefik.http.routers.grafana.rule=Host(`grafana.euredomain.de`)"  ## Hier eure Domain eingeben ##
      - "traefik.http.middlewares.grafana-https-redirect.redirectscheme.scheme=https"
      - "traefik.http.routers.grafana.middlewares=grafana-https-redirect"
      - "traefik.http.routers.grafana-secure.entrypoints=https"
      - "traefik.http.routers.grafana-secure.rule=Host(`grafana.euredomain.de`)" ## Hier eure Domain eingeben ##
      - "traefik.http.routers.grafana-secure.tls=true"
      - "traefik.http.routers.grafana-secure.tls.certresolver=http"
      - "traefik.http.routers.grafana-secure.service=grafana"
      - "traefik.http.services.grafana.loadbalancer.server.port=3000"
      - "traefik.docker.network=proxy"
      - "traefik.http.routers.grafana-secure.middlewares=secHeaders@file"

    networks:
      - proxy
      - default

networks:
  proxy:
    external: true

Notwendige Anpassungen:

  1. 2x eure URL eingeben bei Traefik

3. prometheus.yml anlegen

Nun legen wir noch eine Konfigurationsdatei für Prometheus an.

nano /opt/containers/grafana/prometheus/prometheus.yml
global:
  scrape_interval: 15s
  evaluation_interval: 15s
  external_labels:
      monitor: 'homelab'
rule_files:
scrape_configs:
  - job_name: 'node-exporter'
    static_configs:
      - targets: ['mon_node-exporter:9100']

  - job_name: 'cadvisor'
    static_configs:
      - targets: ['mon_cadvisor:8080']

4. Grafana starten

Wie gewohnt starten wir nun Grafana mittels folgendem Befehl:

docker-compose -f /opt/containers/grafana/docker-compose.yml up -d

5. Grafana Konfigurieren

5.1 Einloggen

Nun geht ihr auf „grafana.euredomain.de“ und solltet folgendes sehen:

Die Zugangsdaten lauten:

  • Name: admin
  • Passwort: admin

Wenn ihr euch einloggt, werdet ihr aufgefordert das Kennwort zu ändern.

Nun solltet ihr folgendes sehen.

5.2 Mit Prometheus Datenbank verbinden

Nun klickt ihr auf „Add data source“.

Hier wählt ihr „Prometheus“ aus.

Hier gebt ihr nun unter „URL“ folgendes ein:

http://mon_prometheus:9090

Nun scrollt ihr nach unten und klickt auf „Save & Test“. Wenn alles ok ist, dann sollte es bei euch so aussehen.

5.3 Dashboard hinzufügen

Ihr könnt euch nun ein Dashboard selbst zusammenbauen oder eins kostenlos von der Grafana Community beziehen.

Wenn ihr mein Dashboard haben wollt, so müsst ihr folgendes tun.

Klickt auf das „+“ links oben und wählt „Import“ aus.

Hier kopiert ihr nun folgenden Code in das Feld. Ihr könnt den Code mit „STRG+A“ komplett markieren und dann kopieren.

{
  "annotations": {
    "list": [
      {
        "builtIn": 1,
        "datasource": " – Grafana – ",
        "enable": true,
        "hide": true,
        "iconColor": "rgba(0, 211, 255, 1)",
        "name": "Annotations & Alerts",
        "type": "dashboard"
      }
    ]
  },
  "description": "",
  "editable": true,
  "gnetId": 893,
  "graphTooltip": 1,
  "id": 1,
  "iteration": 1588003866954,
  "links": [],
  "panels": [
    {
      "cacheTimeout": null,
      "colorBackground": false,
      "colorValue": false,
      "colors": [
        "rgba(245, 54, 54, 0.9)",
        "rgba(237, 129, 40, 0.89)",
        "rgba(50, 172, 45, 0.97)"
      ],
      "datasource": "Prometheus",
      "editable": true,
      "error": false,
      "format": "none",
      "gauge": {
        "maxValue": 100,
        "minValue": 0,
        "show": false,
        "thresholdLabels": false,
        "thresholdMarkers": true
      },
      "gridPos": {
        "h": 4,
        "w": 4,
        "x": 0,
        "y": 0
      },
      "id": 31,
      "interval": null,
      "links": [],
      "mappingType": 1,
      "mappingTypes": [
        {
          "name": "value to text",
          "value": 1
        },
        {
          "name": "range to text",
          "value": 2
        }
      ],
      "maxDataPoints": 100,
      "nullPointMode": "connected",
      "nullText": null,
      "postfix": "",
      "postfixFontSize": "50%",
      "prefix": "",
      "prefixFontSize": "50%",
      "rangeMaps": [
        {
          "from": "null",
          "text": "N/A",
          "to": "null"
        }
      ],
      "sparkline": {
        "fillColor": "rgba(31, 118, 189, 0.18)",
        "full": false,
        "lineColor": "rgb(31, 120, 193)",
        "show": false
      },
      "tableColumn": "",
      "targets": [
        {
          "expr": "count(rate(container_last_seen{name=~\".+\"}[$interval]))",
          "format": "time_series",
          "intervalFactor": 2,
          "refId": "A",
          "step": 1800
        }
      ],
      "thresholds": "",
      "title": "Containers",
      "type": "singlestat",
      "valueFontSize": "120%",
      "valueMaps": [
        {
          "op": "=",
          "text": "N/A",
          "value": "null"
        }
      ],
      "valueName": "current"
    },
    {
      "cacheTimeout": null,
      "datasource": null,
      "gridPos": {
        "h": 7,
        "w": 9,
        "x": 4,
        "y": 0
      },
      "id": 35,
      "links": [],
      "options": {
        "fieldOptions": {
          "calcs": [
            "last"
          ],
          "defaults": {
            "mappings": [],
            "max": 100,
            "min": 0,
            "thresholds": {
              "mode": "absolute",
              "steps": [
                {
                  "color": "green",
                  "value": null
                },
                {
                  "color": "red",
                  "value": 80
                }
              ]
            },
            "title": ""
          },
          "overrides": [],
          "values": false
        },
        "orientation": "auto",
        "showThresholdLabels": false,
        "showThresholdMarkers": false
      },
      "pluginVersion": "6.7.2",
      "targets": [
        {
          "expr": "100 - (avg by (cpu) (irate(node_cpu_seconds_total{mode=\"idle\"}[1m])) *100)",
          "hide": false,
          "interval": "",
          "legendFormat": "",
          "refId": "A"
        },
        {
          "expr": "(irate(node_cpu_seconds_total{mode=\"idle\"}[1m])) ",
          "hide": true,
          "interval": "",
          "legendFormat": "",
          "refId": "B"
        }
      ],
      "timeFrom": null,
      "timeShift": null,
      "title": "CPU Auslastung",
      "type": "gauge"
    },
    {
      "cacheTimeout": null,
      "datasource": "Prometheus",
      "gridPos": {
        "h": 6,
        "w": 4,
        "x": 13,
        "y": 0
      },
      "id": 25,
      "links": [],
      "options": {
        "fieldOptions": {
          "calcs": [
            "lastNotNull"
          ],
          "defaults": {
            "decimals": 0,
            "mappings": [
              {
                "id": 0,
                "op": "=",
                "text": "N/A",
                "type": 1,
                "value": "null"
              }
            ],
            "max": 100,
            "min": 0,
            "nullValueMode": "connected",
            "thresholds": {
              "mode": "absolute",
              "steps": [
                {
                  "color": "rgba(50, 172, 45, 0.97)",
                  "value": null
                },
                {
                  "color": "rgba(237, 129, 40, 0.89)",
                  "value": 70
                },
                {
                  "color": "rgba(245, 54, 54, 0.9)",
                  "value": 90
                }
              ]
            },
            "unit": "percent"
          },
          "overrides": [],
          "values": false
        },
        "orientation": "horizontal",
        "showThresholdLabels": false,
        "showThresholdMarkers": true
      },
      "pluginVersion": "6.7.2",
      "targets": [
        {
          "expr": "((node_memory_MemTotal_bytes - node_memory_MemAvailable_bytes) / node_memory_MemTotal_bytes) * 100  ",
          "format": "time_series",
          "interval": "",
          "intervalFactor": 2,
          "legendFormat": "",
          "refId": "A",
          "step": 1800
        }
      ],
      "timeFrom": null,
      "timeShift": null,
      "title": "RAM Auslastung",
      "type": "gauge"
    },
    {
      "datasource": null,
      "gridPos": {
        "h": 6,
        "w": 7,
        "x": 17,
        "y": 0
      },
      "id": 39,
      "options": {
        "colorMode": "value",
        "fieldOptions": {
          "calcs": [
            "mean"
          ],
          "defaults": {
            "mappings": [],
            "thresholds": {
              "mode": "absolute",
              "steps": [
                {
                  "color": "green",
                  "value": null
                },
                {
                  "color": "red",
                  "value": 80
                }
              ]
            },
            "unit": "decbytes"
          },
          "overrides": [],
          "values": false
        },
        "graphMode": "area",
        "justifyMode": "auto",
        "orientation": "auto"
      },
      "pluginVersion": "6.7.2",
      "targets": [
        {
          "expr": "node_memory_MemTotal_bytes - node_memory_MemAvailable_bytes",
          "interval": "",
          "legendFormat": "",
          "refId": "A"
        }
      ],
      "timeFrom": null,
      "timeShift": null,
      "title": "RAM Verbrauch",
      "type": "stat"
    },
    {
      "cacheTimeout": null,
      "colorBackground": false,
      "colorValue": false,
      "colors": [
        "rgba(50, 172, 45, 0.97)",
        "rgba(237, 129, 40, 0.89)",
        "rgba(245, 54, 54, 0.9)"
      ],
      "datasource": "Prometheus",
      "decimals": 0,
      "editable": true,
      "error": false,
      "format": "decbytes",
      "gauge": {
        "maxValue": 500000000,
        "minValue": 0,
        "show": true,
        "thresholdLabels": false,
        "thresholdMarkers": true
      },
      "gridPos": {
        "h": 4,
        "w": 4,
        "x": 0,
        "y": 4
      },
      "id": 30,
      "interval": null,
      "links": [],
      "mappingType": 1,
      "mappingTypes": [
        {
          "name": "value to text",
          "value": 1
        },
        {
          "name": "range to text",
          "value": 2
        }
      ],
      "maxDataPoints": 100,
      "nullPointMode": "connected",
      "nullText": null,
      "postfix": "",
      "postfixFontSize": "50%",
      "prefix": "",
      "prefixFontSize": "50%",
      "rangeMaps": [
        {
          "from": "null",
          "text": "N/A",
          "to": "null"
        }
      ],
      "sparkline": {
        "fillColor": "rgba(31, 118, 189, 0.18)",
        "full": false,
        "lineColor": "rgb(31, 120, 193)",
        "show": false
      },
      "tableColumn": "",
      "targets": [
        {
          "expr": "(node_memory_SwapTotal_bytes{instance=~'mon_node-exporter:9100'} - node_memory_SwapFree_bytes{instance=~'mon_node-exporter:9100'})",
          "format": "time_series",
          "intervalFactor": 2,
          "legendFormat": "",
          "refId": "A",
          "step": 1800
        }
      ],
      "thresholds": "400000000",
      "title": "Swap",
      "type": "singlestat",
      "valueFontSize": "80%",
      "valueMaps": [
        {
          "op": "=",
          "text": "N/A",
          "value": "null"
        }
      ],
      "valueName": "current"
    },
    {
      "cacheTimeout": null,
      "colorBackground": false,
      "colorValue": false,
      "colors": [
        "rgba(50, 172, 45, 0.97)",
        "rgba(237, 129, 40, 0.89)",
        "rgba(245, 54, 54, 0.9)"
      ],
      "datasource": "Prometheus",
      "decimals": 1,
      "editable": true,
      "error": false,
      "format": "percentunit",
      "gauge": {
        "maxValue": 1,
        "minValue": 0,
        "show": true,
        "thresholdLabels": false,
        "thresholdMarkers": true
      },
      "gridPos": {
        "h": 5,
        "w": 4,
        "x": 13,
        "y": 6
      },
      "id": 26,
      "interval": null,
      "links": [],
      "mappingType": 1,
      "mappingTypes": [
        {
          "name": "value to text",
          "value": 1
        },
        {
          "name": "range to text",
          "value": 2
        }
      ],
      "maxDataPoints": 100,
      "nullPointMode": "connected",
      "nullText": null,
      "postfix": "",
      "postfixFontSize": "50%",
      "prefix": "",
      "prefixFontSize": "50%",
      "rangeMaps": [
        {
          "from": "null",
          "text": "N/A",
          "to": "null"
        }
      ],
      "sparkline": {
        "fillColor": "rgba(31, 118, 189, 0.18)",
        "full": false,
        "lineColor": "rgb(31, 120, 193)",
        "show": false
      },
      "tableColumn": "",
      "targets": [
        {
          "expr": "min((node_filesystem_size_bytes{fstype=~\"xfs|ext4\",instance=\"mon_node-exporter:9100\"} - node_filesystem_free_bytes{fstype=~\"xfs|ext4\",instance=\"mon_node-exporter:9100\"} )/ node_filesystem_size_bytes{fstype=~\"xfs|ext4\",instance=\"mon_node-exporter:9100\"})",
          "format": "time_series",
          "hide": false,
          "interval": "",
          "intervalFactor": 2,
          "legendFormat": "",
          "refId": "A",
          "step": 1800
        }
      ],
      "thresholds": "0.75, 0.90",
      "title": "Festplatten Auslastung",
      "type": "singlestat",
      "valueFontSize": "80%",
      "valueMaps": [
        {
          "op": "=",
          "text": "N/A",
          "value": "null"
        }
      ],
      "valueName": "current"
    },
    {
      "datasource": "Prometheus",
      "gridPos": {
        "h": 5,
        "w": 7,
        "x": 17,
        "y": 6
      },
      "id": 13,
      "links": [],
      "options": {
        "colorMode": "value",
        "fieldOptions": {
          "calcs": [
            "mean"
          ],
          "defaults": {
            "mappings": [],
            "thresholds": {
              "mode": "absolute",
              "steps": [
                {
                  "color": "green",
                  "value": null
                },
                {
                  "color": "red",
                  "value": 80
                }
              ]
            },
            "unit": "decbytes"
          },
          "overrides": [],
          "values": false
        },
        "graphMode": "area",
        "justifyMode": "auto",
        "orientation": "auto"
      },
      "pluginVersion": "6.7.2",
      "targets": [
        {
          "expr": "node_filesystem_size_bytes{fstype=\"ext4\"} - node_filesystem_free_bytes{fstype=\"ext4\"}",
          "format": "time_series",
          "hide": false,
          "interval": "",
          "intervalFactor": 2,
          "legendFormat": "{{device}}",
          "refId": "A",
          "step": 600
        }
      ],
      "timeFrom": null,
      "timeShift": null,
      "title": "Festplatten Verbrauch",
      "type": "stat"
    },
    {
      "aliasColors": {
        "IN on /sda": "#7EB26D",
        "OUT on /sda": "#890F02"
      },
      "bars": false,
      "dashLength": 10,
      "dashes": false,
      "datasource": "Prometheus",
      "editable": true,
      "error": false,
      "fill": 1,
      "fillGradient": 0,
      "grid": {},
      "gridPos": {
        "h": 9,
        "w": 9,
        "x": 4,
        "y": 7
      },
      "hiddenSeries": false,
      "id": 3,
      "legend": {
        "avg": false,
        "current": false,
        "max": false,
        "min": false,
        "show": false,
        "total": false,
        "values": false
      },
      "lines": true,
      "linewidth": 1,
      "links": [],
      "nullPointMode": "null as zero",
      "options": {
        "dataLinks": []
      },
      "percentage": false,
      "pointradius": 5,
      "points": false,
      "renderer": "flot",
      "seriesOverrides": [],
      "spaceLength": 10,
      "stack": false,
      "steppedLine": false,
      "targets": [
        {
          "expr": "-sum(rate(node_disk_read_bytes_total[$interval])) by (device)",
          "format": "time_series",
          "hide": false,
          "intervalFactor": 2,
          "legendFormat": "OUT on /{{device}}",
          "metric": "node_disk_bytes_read",
          "refId": "A",
          "step": 600
        },
        {
          "expr": "sum(rate(node_disk_written_bytes_total[$interval])) by (device)",
          "format": "time_series",
          "intervalFactor": 2,
          "legendFormat": "IN on /{{device}}",
          "metric": "",
          "refId": "B",
          "step": 600
        }
      ],
      "thresholds": [],
      "timeFrom": null,
      "timeRegions": [],
      "timeShift": null,
      "title": "Disk I/O",
      "tooltip": {
        "msResolution": true,
        "shared": true,
        "sort": 0,
        "value_type": "cumulative"
      },
      "type": "graph",
      "xaxis": {
        "buckets": null,
        "mode": "time",
        "name": null,
        "show": false,
        "values": []
      },
      "yaxes": [
        {
          "format": "Bps",
          "label": null,
          "logBase": 1,
          "max": null,
          "min": null,
          "show": true
        },
        {
          "format": "short",
          "label": null,
          "logBase": 1,
          "max": null,
          "min": null,
          "show": false
        }
      ],
      "yaxis": {
        "align": false,
        "alignLevel": null
      }
    },
    {
      "aliasColors": {
        "SENT": "#BF1B00"
      },
      "bars": false,
      "dashLength": 10,
      "dashes": false,
      "datasource": "Prometheus",
      "editable": true,
      "error": false,
      "fill": 1,
      "fillGradient": 0,
      "grid": {},
      "gridPos": {
        "h": 8,
        "w": 4,
        "x": 0,
        "y": 8
      },
      "hiddenSeries": false,
      "id": 19,
      "legend": {
        "avg": false,
        "current": false,
        "max": false,
        "min": false,
        "show": false,
        "total": false,
        "values": false
      },
      "lines": true,
      "linewidth": 1,
      "links": [],
      "nullPointMode": "null as zero",
      "options": {
        "dataLinks": []
      },
      "percentage": false,
      "pointradius": 1,
      "points": false,
      "renderer": "flot",
      "seriesOverrides": [],
      "spaceLength": 10,
      "stack": false,
      "steppedLine": false,
      "targets": [
        {
          "expr": "sum(rate(container_network_receive_bytes_total{id=\"/\"}[$interval])) by (id)",
          "intervalFactor": 2,
          "legendFormat": "RECEIVED",
          "refId": "A",
          "step": 600
        },
        {
          "expr": "- sum(rate(container_network_transmit_bytes_total{id=\"/\"}[$interval])) by (id)",
          "hide": false,
          "intervalFactor": 2,
          "legendFormat": "SENT",
          "refId": "B",
          "step": 600
        }
      ],
      "thresholds": [],
      "timeFrom": null,
      "timeRegions": [],
      "timeShift": null,
      "title": "Netzwerk Verkehr",
      "tooltip": {
        "msResolution": true,
        "shared": true,
        "sort": 0,
        "value_type": "cumulative"
      },
      "type": "graph",
      "xaxis": {
        "buckets": null,
        "mode": "time",
        "name": null,
        "show": false,
        "values": []
      },
      "yaxes": [
        {
          "format": "bytes",
          "label": null,
          "logBase": 1,
          "max": null,
          "min": null,
          "show": true
        },
        {
          "format": "short",
          "label": null,
          "logBase": 1,
          "max": null,
          "min": null,
          "show": false
        }
      ],
      "yaxis": {
        "align": false,
        "alignLevel": null
      }
    },
    {
      "aliasColors": {},
      "bars": false,
      "dashLength": 10,
      "dashes": false,
      "datasource": "Prometheus",
      "editable": true,
      "error": false,
      "fill": 1,
      "fillGradient": 0,
      "grid": {},
      "gridPos": {
        "h": 7,
        "w": 11,
        "x": 13,
        "y": 11
      },
      "hiddenSeries": false,
      "id": 9,
      "legend": {
        "alignAsTable": true,
        "avg": false,
        "current": false,
        "hideEmpty": false,
        "hideZero": false,
        "max": false,
        "min": false,
        "rightSide": true,
        "show": true,
        "total": false,
        "values": false
      },
      "lines": true,
      "linewidth": 2,
      "links": [],
      "nullPointMode": "null as zero",
      "options": {
        "dataLinks": []
      },
      "percentage": false,
      "pointradius": 5,
      "points": false,
      "renderer": "flot",
      "seriesOverrides": [],
      "spaceLength": 10,
      "stack": false,
      "steppedLine": false,
      "targets": [
        {
          "expr": "sum(rate(container_network_transmit_bytes_total{name=~\".+\"}[$interval])) by (name)",
          "intervalFactor": 2,
          "legendFormat": "{{name}}",
          "refId": "A",
          "step": 240
        },
        {
          "expr": "rate(container_network_transmit_bytes_total{id=\"/\"}[$interval])",
          "hide": true,
          "intervalFactor": 2,
          "legendFormat": "",
          "refId": "B",
          "step": 10
        }
      ],
      "thresholds": [],
      "timeFrom": null,
      "timeRegions": [],
      "timeShift": null,
      "title": "Sent Network Traffic per Container",
      "tooltip": {
        "msResolution": true,
        "shared": true,
        "sort": 0,
        "value_type": "cumulative"
      },
      "type": "graph",
      "xaxis": {
        "buckets": null,
        "mode": "time",
        "name": null,
        "show": true,
        "values": []
      },
      "yaxes": [
        {
          "format": "Bps",
          "label": "",
          "logBase": 1,
          "max": null,
          "min": null,
          "show": true
        },
        {
          "format": "short",
          "label": "",
          "logBase": 10,
          "max": 8,
          "min": 0,
          "show": false
        }
      ],
      "yaxis": {
        "align": false,
        "alignLevel": null
      }
    },
    {
      "aliasColors": {},
      "bars": false,
      "cacheTimeout": null,
      "dashLength": 10,
      "dashes": false,
      "datasource": "Prometheus",
      "editable": true,
      "error": false,
      "fill": 5,
      "fillGradient": 0,
      "grid": {},
      "gridPos": {
        "h": 7,
        "w": 13,
        "x": 0,
        "y": 16
      },
      "hiddenSeries": false,
      "id": 1,
      "legend": {
        "alignAsTable": true,
        "avg": false,
        "current": false,
        "max": false,
        "min": false,
        "rightSide": true,
        "show": true,
        "total": false,
        "values": false
      },
      "lines": true,
      "linewidth": 1,
      "links": [],
      "nullPointMode": "null as zero",
      "options": {
        "dataLinks": []
      },
      "percentage": false,
      "pluginVersion": "6.7.2",
      "pointradius": 5,
      "points": false,
      "renderer": "flot",
      "seriesOverrides": [],
      "spaceLength": 10,
      "stack": true,
      "steppedLine": false,
      "targets": [
        {
          "expr": "sum(rate(container_cpu_usage_seconds_total{name=~\".+\"}[$interval])) by (name) * 100",
          "hide": false,
          "interval": "",
          "intervalFactor": 2,
          "legendFormat": "{{name}}",
          "metric": "",
          "refId": "F",
          "step": 240
        }
      ],
      "thresholds": [],
      "timeFrom": null,
      "timeRegions": [],
      "timeShift": null,
      "title": "CPU Usage per Container",
      "tooltip": {
        "msResolution": true,
        "shared": true,
        "sort": 0,
        "value_type": "individual"
      },
      "type": "graph",
      "xaxis": {
        "buckets": null,
        "mode": "time",
        "name": null,
        "show": true,
        "values": []
      },
      "yaxes": [
        {
          "format": "percent",
          "label": "",
          "logBase": 1,
          "max": null,
          "show": true
        },
        {
          "format": "short",
          "label": null,
          "logBase": 1,
          "max": null,
          "min": null,
          "show": false
        }
      ],
      "yaxis": {
        "align": false,
        "alignLevel": null
      }
    },
    {
      "aliasColors": {},
      "bars": false,
      "dashLength": 10,
      "dashes": false,
      "datasource": "Prometheus",
      "editable": true,
      "error": false,
      "fill": 1,
      "fillGradient": 0,
      "grid": {},
      "gridPos": {
        "h": 7,
        "w": 11,
        "x": 13,
        "y": 18
      },
      "hiddenSeries": false,
      "id": 8,
      "legend": {
        "alignAsTable": true,
        "avg": false,
        "current": false,
        "max": false,
        "min": false,
        "rightSide": true,
        "show": true,
        "total": false,
        "values": false
      },
      "lines": true,
      "linewidth": 2,
      "links": [],
      "nullPointMode": "null as zero",
      "options": {
        "dataLinks": []
      },
      "percentage": false,
      "pointradius": 5,
      "points": false,
      "renderer": "flot",
      "seriesOverrides": [],
      "spaceLength": 10,
      "stack": false,
      "steppedLine": false,
      "targets": [
        {
          "expr": "sum(rate(container_network_receive_bytes_total{name=~\".+\"}[$interval])) by (name)",
          "intervalFactor": 2,
          "legendFormat": "{{name}}",
          "refId": "A",
          "step": 240
        },
        {
          "expr": "- rate(container_network_transmit_bytes_total{name=~\".+\"}[$interval])",
          "hide": true,
          "intervalFactor": 2,
          "legendFormat": "{{name}}",
          "refId": "B",
          "step": 10
        }
      ],
      "thresholds": [],
      "timeFrom": null,
      "timeRegions": [],
      "timeShift": null,
      "title": "Received Network Traffic per Container",
      "tooltip": {
        "msResolution": true,
        "shared": true,
        "sort": 0,
        "value_type": "cumulative"
      },
      "type": "graph",
      "xaxis": {
        "buckets": null,
        "mode": "time",
        "name": null,
        "show": true,
        "values": []
      },
      "yaxes": [
        {
          "format": "Bps",
          "label": null,
          "logBase": 1,
          "max": null,
          "min": null,
          "show": true
        },
        {
          "format": "short",
          "label": null,
          "logBase": 1,
          "max": null,
          "min": null,
          "show": true
        }
      ],
      "yaxis": {
        "align": false,
        "alignLevel": null
      }
    },
    {
      "aliasColors": {},
      "bars": false,
      "dashLength": 10,
      "dashes": false,
      "datasource": "Prometheus",
      "editable": true,
      "error": false,
      "fill": 3,
      "fillGradient": 0,
      "grid": {},
      "gridPos": {
        "h": 7,
        "w": 13,
        "x": 0,
        "y": 23
      },
      "hiddenSeries": false,
      "id": 10,
      "legend": {
        "alignAsTable": true,
        "avg": false,
        "current": false,
        "max": false,
        "min": false,
        "rightSide": true,
        "show": true,
        "total": false,
        "values": false
      },
      "lines": true,
      "linewidth": 2,
      "links": [],
      "nullPointMode": "null as zero",
      "options": {
        "dataLinks": []
      },
      "percentage": false,
      "pointradius": 5,
      "points": false,
      "renderer": "flot",
      "seriesOverrides": [],
      "spaceLength": 10,
      "stack": true,
      "steppedLine": false,
      "targets": [
        {
          "expr": "sum(container_memory_rss{name=~\".+\"}) by (name)",
          "hide": false,
          "intervalFactor": 2,
          "legendFormat": "{{name}}",
          "refId": "A",
          "step": 240
        },
        {
          "expr": "container_memory_usage_bytes{name=~\".+\"}",
          "hide": true,
          "intervalFactor": 2,
          "legendFormat": "{{name}}",
          "refId": "B",
          "step": 240
        }
      ],
      "thresholds": [],
      "timeFrom": null,
      "timeRegions": [],
      "timeShift": null,
      "title": "Memory Usage per Container",
      "tooltip": {
        "msResolution": true,
        "shared": true,
        "sort": 0,
        "value_type": "individual"
      },
      "type": "graph",
      "xaxis": {
        "buckets": null,
        "mode": "time",
        "name": null,
        "show": true,
        "values": []
      },
      "yaxes": [
        {
          "format": "bytes",
          "label": "",
          "logBase": 1,
          "max": null,
          "min": null,
          "show": true
        },
        {
          "format": "short",
          "label": null,
          "logBase": 1,
          "max": null,
          "min": null,
          "show": true
        }
      ],
      "yaxis": {
        "align": false,
        "alignLevel": null
      }
    },
    {
      "columns": [
        {
          "text": "Current",
          "value": "current"
        }
      ],
      "datasource": null,
      "editable": true,
      "error": false,
      "fontSize": "100%",
      "gridPos": {
        "h": 8,
        "w": 11,
        "x": 13,
        "y": 25
      },
      "id": 37,
      "links": [],
      "pageSize": null,
      "scroll": true,
      "showHeader": true,
      "sort": {
        "col": 1,
        "desc": true
      },
      "styles": [
        {
          "align": "auto",
          "colorMode": null,
          "colors": [
            "rgba(245, 54, 54, 0.9)",
            "rgba(237, 129, 40, 0.89)",
            "rgba(50, 172, 45, 0.97)"
          ],
          "decimals": 2,
          "pattern": "/.*/",
          "thresholds": [
            "10000000",
            " 25000000"
          ],
          "type": "number",
          "unit": "decbytes"
        }
      ],
      "targets": [
        {
          "expr": "sum(container_spec_memory_limit_bytes{name=~\".+\"} - container_memory_usage_bytes{name=~\".+\"}) by (name) ",
          "hide": true,
          "intervalFactor": 2,
          "legendFormat": "{{name}}",
          "metric": "",
          "refId": "A",
          "step": 240
        },
        {
          "expr": "sum(container_spec_memory_limit_bytes{name=~\".+\"}) by (name) ",
          "hide": true,
          "intervalFactor": 2,
          "legendFormat": "{{name}}",
          "refId": "B",
          "step": 240
        },
        {
          "expr": "container_memory_usage_bytes{name=~\".+\"}",
          "hide": false,
          "intervalFactor": 2,
          "legendFormat": "{{name}}",
          "refId": "C",
          "step": 240
        }
      ],
      "title": "Usage memory",
      "transform": "timeseries_aggregations",
      "type": "table"
    }
  ],
  "refresh": "5s",
  "schemaVersion": 22,
  "style": "dark",
  "tags": [],
  "templating": {
    "list": [
      {
        "auto": true,
        "auto_count": 50,
        "auto_min": "50s",
        "current": {
          "selected": false,
          "text": "30s",
          "value": "30s"
        },
        "hide": 0,
        "label": "interval",
        "name": "interval",
        "options": [
          {
            "selected": false,
            "text": "auto",
            "value": "$__auto_interval_interval"
          },
          {
            "selected": true,
            "text": "30s",
            "value": "30s"
          },
          {
            "selected": false,
            "text": "1m",
            "value": "1m"
          },
          {
            "selected": false,
            "text": "2m",
            "value": "2m"
          },
          {
            "selected": false,
            "text": "3m",
            "value": "3m"
          },
          {
            "selected": false,
            "text": "5m",
            "value": "5m"
          },
          {
            "selected": false,
            "text": "7m",
            "value": "7m"
          },
          {
            "selected": false,
            "text": "10m",
            "value": "10m"
          },
          {
            "selected": false,
            "text": "30m",
            "value": "30m"
          },
          {
            "selected": false,
            "text": "1h",
            "value": "1h"
          },
          {
            "selected": false,
            "text": "6h",
            "value": "6h"
          },
          {
            "selected": false,
            "text": "12h",
            "value": "12h"
          },
          {
            "selected": false,
            "text": "1d",
            "value": "1d"
          },
          {
            "selected": false,
            "text": "7d",
            "value": "7d"
          },
          {
            "selected": false,
            "text": "14d",
            "value": "14d"
          },
          {
            "selected": false,
            "text": "30d",
            "value": "30d"
          }
        ],
        "query": "30s,1m,2m,3m,5m,7m,10m,30m,1h,6h,12h,1d,7d,14d,30d",
        "refresh": 2,
        "skipUrlSync": false,
        "type": "interval"
      }
    ]
  },
  "time": {
    "from": "now-1h",
    "to": "now"
  },
  "timepicker": {
    "refresh_intervals": [
      "5s",
      "10s",
      "30s",
      "1m",
      "5m",
      "15m",
      "30m",
      "1h",
      "2h",
      "1d"
    ],
    "time_options": [
      "5m",
      "15m",
      "1h",
      "6h",
      "12h",
      "24h",
      "2d",
      "7d",
      "30d"
    ]
  },
  "timezone": "browser",
  "title": "Docker - System Dashboard",
  "uid": "0E0FhC7Wz",
  "variables": {
    "list": []
  },
  "version": 1
}

Danach klickt ihr auf „Load“.

Nun klickt ihr „Import“.

Jetzt solltet ihr folgendes sehen.

6. Quellen

Teile diesen Beitrag
Christian

Categories:

3 Kommentare

  1. Hast du dir das Thema „Alerts“ mal angeschaut? Macht eigentlich Sinn! Du kannst direkt in deiner Docker-Compose Datei den smtp Host definieren und in grafana „Alerts“ einrichten. Würde mich interessieren ob es bei dir klappt.

Schreibe einen Kommentar

Deine E-Mail-Adresse wird nicht veröffentlicht. Erforderliche Felder sind mit * markiert.